Fuel types of new cars: battery electric 7.5%, hybrid 19.3%, petrol 41.8% market share in Q2 2021

Brussels, 23 July 2021 – In the second quarter of 2021, registrations of electrically-chargeable cars continued to expand in the European Union. The market share of battery electric vehicles more than doubled – from 3.5% in the second quarter of 2020 to 7.5% this year – while plug-in hybrids made up 8.4% of all new cars sold.

Demand for hybrid cars also strongly increased during this three-month period, accounting for 19.3% of EU car registrations. At the same time, the market share of traditional fuel types (petrol and diesel) contracted, together making up 62.2% of new cars sold.

Petrol and diesel cars

From April to June 2021, registrations of both petrol and diesel powertrains grew across the EU (by 25.3% and 7.8% respectively) on the back of a low base of comparison due to last year’s COVID-19 restrictions. However, this growth was considerably more modest compared to that of the other fuel segments, resulting in a reduction in market shares.

As a result, diesel now holds a market share of 20.4%, down from 29.4% in the second quarter of 2020. Similarly, the market share of petrol-powered cars contracted by 10 percentage points (from 51.9% in April to June 2020 to 41.8% this year), despite increases in demand in most EU markets, including the four major ones.

Alternatively-powered vehicles (APV)

During the second quarter of the year, registrations of battery electric vehicles (BEVs) expanded by 231.6%, reaching 210,298 cars. This increase was helped by substantial gains in all the four largest markets in the region, especially in Spain (+372.7%) and Germany (+357.0%).

Plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) had an even more impressive second quarter of 2021, with registrations jumping by 255.8% to 235,730 units. Italy was among the strongest growth markets again, with 21,647 plug-in cars registered from April to June – a year-on-year increase of 659.3%. The EU’s three other major markets also saw impressive gains in the PHEV segment so far this year: Spain (+430.3%), France (+276.4%) and Germany (+269.9%).

With 541,162 units sold in the EU during the second quarter of the year, hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs) remained the largest category of alternatively-powered cars in volume terms. All EU markets recorded two or even three-digit percentage gains during this period, including the four major ones. As a result, hybrid registrations more than tripled from April to June, up 213.5% compared to one year ago.

Demand for natural gas vehicles (NGVs) in the European Union increased by 41.8% to 13,497 units during the second quarter, mostly sustained by remarkable growth in Italy (+94.0%), which alone accounts for 75% of all EU sales in this segment.

Registrations of LPG-fuelled cars more than doubled (+134.1%) to total 59,363 units, boosted by a strong performance in Italy (+89.5%) and France (+266.0%), the two largest EU market for LPG cars.


About ACEA

  • The European Automobile Manufacturers’ Association (ACEA) represents the 16 major Europe-based car, van, truck and bus makers: BMW Group, CNH Industrial, DAF Trucks, Daimler, Daimler Truck, Ferrari, Ford of Europe, Honda Motor Europe, Hyundai Motor Europe, Jaguar Land Rover, Renault Group, Stellantis, Toyota Motor Europe, Volkswagen Group, Volvo Cars, and Volvo Group.
  • Visit www.acea.auto for more information about ACEA, and follow us on www.twitter.com/ACEA_auto or www.linkedin.com/company/ACEA/.
  • Contact: Francesca Piazza, Statistics Manager, fp@acea.auto.

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About the EU automobile industry

  • 12.6 million Europeans work in the auto industry (directly and indirectly), accounting for 6.6% of all EU jobs.
  • 11.6% of EU manufacturing jobs – some 3.5 million – are in the automotive sector.
  • Motor vehicles are responsible for €398.4 billion of tax revenue for governments across key European markets.
  • The automobile industry generates a trade surplus of €76.3 billion for the EU.
  • The turnover generated by the auto industry represents more than 8% of the EU’s GDP.
  • Investing €62 billion in R&D annually, the automotive sector is Europe’s largest private contributor to innovation, accounting for 33% of total EU spending.
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