Fuel types of new buses: electric 10.6%, alternative fuels 10.5%, hybrid 10.1%, diesel 68.8% share in 2021

Brussels, 15 March 2022 – Overall in 2021, 68.8% of all new buses registered in the European Union ran on diesel. Electrically-chargeable buses posted strong growth, resulting in their market share increasing from 6.1% in 2020 to 10.6% last year. Alternative fuels powered 10.5% of all new buses sold, while hybrid electric vehicles accounted for 10.1% of the market. Together, all alternatively-powered vehicles made up 31.2% of the EU bus market in 2021.

Diesel and petrol buses

Last year, EU demand for diesel buses fell by 2.9% to 19,895 units, with diesel’s share of the market shrinking from 73.2% in 2020 to 68.8% in 2021. Out of the four major EU markets, only Italy saw an increase (+7.9%) in diesel sales. Spain recorded a double-digit drop (-19.8%), followed by Germany (-8.5%) and France (-2.4%) with more modest decreases. Across the entire European Union1, only one petrol-fuelled bus was sold in 2021.

Alternatively-powered vehicles (APV)

In 2021, registrations of new electrically-chargeable (ECV)2 buses in the EU saw strong growth (+78.7%), counting 3,064 units and holding a market share of 10.6%. France was the leading market for electric buses with 622 units sold (+247.5%), followed by Germany (613 units; +57.6%) and Denmark (224 units; +3,633%). While the Netherlands still was the EU’s biggest electric bus market in 2020, Dutch sales fell by 57.6% last year. France and Germany together accounted for 40.3% of all electric buses sold in the EU in 2021.

Hybrid electric vehicles (HEV) made up 10.1% of the EU bus market last year. Sales of hybrid buses grew by 10.0% in 2021 to reach a total of 2,926 new buses. Germany accounted for nearly half of total hybrid sales with 1,405 units registered throughout the year.

10.5% of new medium and heavy buses in the EU ran on alternative fuels3 in 2021, nearly all of them powered by natural gas. Registrations of new alternative-fuel buses in the European Union declined by 2.3% to 3,033 units last year. France saw a significant increase in sales of buses running on alternative fuels (+61.3%), while both Spain and Italy posted negative growth (-42.6% and -15.2% respectively).

Overall in 2021, 68.8% of all new buses registered in the European Union ran on diesel. Electrically-chargeable buses posted strong growth, with their market share increasing from 6.1% in 2020 to 10.6% last year.

1 Data for Bulgaria, Lithuania and Malta not available
2 Includes full battery electric vehicles, fuel-cell electric vehicles, extended-range vehicles and plug-in hybrids
3 Includes natural gas, LPG, biofuels and ethanol vehicles

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About ACEA

  • The European Automobile Manufacturers’ Association (ACEA) is the Brussels-based trade association of the 14 major car, van, truck and bus producers in Europe.
  • The ACEA commercial vehicle members are DAF Trucks, Daimler Truck, Ford Trucks, Iveco Group, MAN Truck & Bus, Scania, Volkswagen Commercial Vehicles, and Volvo Group.
  • Visit www.acea.auto for more information about ACEA, and follow us on www.twitter.com/ACEA_auto or www.linkedin.com/company/ACEA/.
  • Contact: Francesca Piazza, Statistics Manager, fp@acea.auto.

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About the EU automobile industry

  • 13.0 million Europeans work in the automotive sector
  • 11.5% of all manufacturing jobs in the EU
  • €374.6 billion in tax revenue for European governments
  • €79.5 billion trade surplus for the European Union
  • Almost 8% of EU GDP generated by the auto industry
  • €58.8 billion in R&D spending annually, 32% of EU total
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