Interactive map – Correlation between uptake of electric cars and GDP in the EU
This map visualises the correlation between the market uptake of electrically-chargeable vehicles (ECVs) and GDP per capita for the 28 EU member states plus Norway and Switzerland.
- 2.0% of new cars registered in the EU in 2018 were electrically-chargeable vehicles (ECVs).
- Yet, half of all EU member states have an ECV market share lower than 1%.
- All countries with an ECV market share of less than 1% have a GDP below €29,000, including new EU member states in Central and Eastern Europe but also Spain, Italy and Greece.
- By contrast, an ECV market share of above 3.5% only occurs in countries with a GDP per capita of more than €42,000.
- Many people take the Norwegian market as a benchmark. But just like its €73,200 GDP, more than twice the EU average (€30,600), Norway’s 49.1% ECV share is an exception in Europe.
- The countries that come second and third, Sweden (8%) and the Netherlands (6.7%), have some of the highest GDPs in the EU but much lower ECV market shares.
- On the other end of the spectrum, in Latvia only 93 electric cars were sold in 2018. And with an ECV market share of 0.2%, Poland has the lowest uptake of electric cars in the EU.
- Not only do we see a clear split between Central-Eastern and Western Europe, but also a pronounced North-South divide (eg Greece 0.3% and Italy 0.5%).
Top 5 countries with lowest share of electric cars in the EU
- Poland – 0.2% with 1,324 ECVs sold in 2018 (GDP of €12,900)
- Slovakia – 0.3% with 293 ECVs sold in 2018 (GDP of €16,600)
- Greece – 0.3% with 315 ECVs sold in 2018 (GDP of €17,100)
- Czech Republic – 0.4% with 981 ECVs sold in 2018 (GDP of €20,500)
- Lithuania – 0.4% with 143 ECVs sold in 2018 (GDP of €15,900)
ECV market share of the 5 biggest EU car markets
- Germany – 67,658 ECVs, or 2.0% of the 3.4 million cars sold in 2018 (GDP of €41,000)
- United Kingdom – 59,947 ECVs, or 2.5% of the 2.4 million cars sold in 2018 (GDP of €37,600)
- France – 45,623 ECVs, or 2.1% of the 2.2 million cars sold in 2018 (GDP of €36,200)
- Italy – 9,731 ECVs, or 0.5% of the 1.9 million cars sold in 2018 (GDP of €29,000)
- Spain – 11,810 ECVs, or 0.9% of the 1.3 million cars sold in 2018 (GDP of €26,200)
Content type Figure
Vehicle types All vehiclesPassenger cars