New commercial vehicle registrations: vans +11.2%, trucks +20%, buses +15% in the first half of 2023
In the first half of 2023, new EU van sales increased by 11.2% to 730,969 units as supply chain issues eased. Spain and Germany substantially contributed to this increase as van sales rose by 26.6% and 15.5%, respectively. Sales in France also modestly increased by 3.6%, totalling 189,948 units.
New EU truck registrations recorded a significant increase of 20%, totalling 179,508 units. Almost all EU markets saw double-digit percentage gains, including the four largest: Germany (+24.8%), France (+12.3%), Italy (+12.6%), and Poland (+10.8%).
New EU bus registrations also had a solid first half of 2023, as sales rose 15% to 14,781 units. In terms of sales volumes, France led the way with 2,982 units sold, representing a 22.3% increase. Other major markets also reported substantial growth: Italy (+62.6%), Spain (+58.7%), and Germany (+27.8%).
Fuel types of new commercial vehicles
In the first half of 2023, diesel remained the top choice, accounting for 83.5%, lower than the 87.2% share in 2022. However, alternative powertrains are gradually increasing in popularity, resulting in a modest shift in market share. Notably, the share of electrically chargeable vans increased to 6.9%. This represents a two-fold increase (+100.4%), totalling 50,708 units, primarily driven by triple-digit growth in the first and third largest markets: France (+118.9%) and Spain (+138%). In contrast, hybrid-electric van registrations declined by 7.2% to 16,602 units, representing a 2.3% share. Other fuel types, such as liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) and natural gas, increased by 26.5% and now represent 1.3% of the market.
In the first half of 2023, diesel dominated the market, accounting for 95.6% of new truck registrations. Notably, there was a 19.2% increase in diesel truck sales, with several member states reporting double-digit gains, including Germany (+23.7%). Battery-electric truck sales surged by 351.5%, reaching 2,384 units. Despite this remarkable growth, this fuel type represents only 1.3% market share but is still an improvement from 0.4% recorded last year.
EU sales of new electrically chargeable buses increased by 33.9% to reach 2,132 units, representing a market share of 14.4% in the first half of 2023, compared to 12.4% in 2022. Among the bloc’s three largest markets, Spain grew impressively by 755.9%, followed by France (+89.9%) and Germany (+18.1%). Hybrid-electric buses maintained momentum (sales up 160.5%), with market share more than doubling compared to the first half of 2022 (from 6.2% to 14%). Significant growth in the second and third largest markets, France (+886%) and Spain (+180.3%), contributed to this result. Together with Germany, France and Spain account for 82.4% of all EU hybrid bus registrations. Despite the shift to electric and hybrid models, diesel buses still retain the largest market share at 63%.
In the first half of 2023, new EU van sales increased by 11.2% to 730,969 units as supply chain issues eased. Spain and Germany substantially contributed to this increase as van sales rose by 26.6% and 15.5%, respectively.
Reproduction of the content of this document is not permitted without the prior written consent of ACEA. Whenever reproduction is permitted, ACEA shall be referred to as source of the information. Quoting or referring to this document is permitted provided ACEA is referred to as the source of the information.
- The European Automobile Manufacturers’ Association (ACEA) is the Brussels-based trade association of the 14 major car, van, truck and bus producers in Europe.
- The ACEA commercial vehicle members are DAF Trucks, Daimler Truck, Ford Trucks, Iveco Group, MAN Truck & Bus, Scania, Volkswagen Commercial Vehicles, and Volvo Group.
- Visit www.acea.auto for more information about ACEA, and follow us on www.twitter.com/ACEA_auto or www.linkedin.com/company/ACEA/.
- Contact: Francesca Piazza, Senior Statistics Manager, firstname.lastname@example.org.
Interested in ACEA press releases?
Receive them directly in your inbox!
About the EU automobile industry
- 13.0 million Europeans work in the automotive sector
- 11.5% of all manufacturing jobs in the EU
- €374.6 billion in tax revenue for European governments
- €101.9 billion trade surplus for the European Union
- Over 7% of EU GDP generated by the auto industry
- €59.1 billion in R&D spending annually, 31% of EU total